There are a number of different hormones traveling through our circulatory system all the time. They all play a vital role in maintaining the activity of the various organs and body processes. Same goes for male hair loss and male pattern baldness. A hormone called testosterone is believed to cause hair loss in men.
The relationship between testosterone and hair loss is complicated, let us know more about it.
Testosterone is not the only cause of hair loss in men.
Testosterone exists in your body in different forms. There is` free testosterone that is not bound to body proteins. Secondly, there is testosterone which is also bound to albumin, a protein in the blood. Most testosterone is bound to sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) protein.
Although the increase in levels of free testosterone is considered to be the cause of male hair loss, still it is not the only cause. Many studies have noticed that males who lose their hair have approximately same testosterone levels as compared to the males who do not loose hair. The difference here is in the sensitivity of their hair follicles to hormonal influences. Those men who experience early baldness have hair follicles which are more sensitive to testosterone.
Role of DHT in male hair loss.
Although the saying about high free testosterone is not completely right, still the testosterone in your body is connected to hair loss. That is because, the Dihydrotestosterone hormone, (DHT). This hormone is made from testosterone through an enzyme. It is five times more potent than testosterone and is found in the skin, hair follicles and the prostate.
The actions of this hormone and the sensitivity of hair follicles to DHT is the cause of hair loss in men and pattern baldness. With high levels of DHT and high hair follicle sensitivity, a man may develop pattern baldness and acute hair thinning. Besides baldness, high DHT levels are also linked with metabolic syndrome and diabetes.
Genetic factors in male hair loss.
As we have seen that the high level of testosterone cannot completely be blamed for male hair loss, it is the sensitivity of the hair follicles to hormonal changes which are responsible for that.
So, does the genetics affect hair loss in men? Yes. The sensitivity of hair follicles to hormones is determined by the genes.
The AR gene makes the receptor on hair follicles which interact with testosterone and DHT. If your receptors are sensitive, they are triggered even by a small rise in DHT, and hair loss occurs more easily. Apart from genes, also factors like age, and stress can influence the sensitivity of hair follicles to hormonal changes leading to hair loss in men.
Other Hormones Which Affect Hair Loss in Men
Estrogen is a female hormone which helps them in feeling energized, stable mood, and contributes to a healthy female sex drive. This hormone is also present in males and can cause hair loss in case of hormonal imbalance. The increased levels of estrogen in men can lead to unwanted hair growth and many other problems.
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas and regulates blood sugar levels. It is considered to affect hair loss in men and also a number of different body processes, including fat storage, and heart health.
The body produces cortisol in times of stress. This hormone converts proteins into energy, releases glycogen and counteracts inflammation. If this happens for sustained for long periods it can gradually damage the body by destroying healthy muscle and bones. Likewise, it can also this can lead to many unpleasant symptoms of hair loss.
Treatments/ remedies for hair loss
If you are experiencing the problems of hair loss due to hormonal imbalances, then it is best to consult a doctor for expert help. However, there are some easy steps which you can take for dealing with it. For instance,
- Regular exercise.
- Healthy diet.
- Reduction of stress.
- Avoid extra oily food.
- Gentle wash, massage and brushing for hair.
- Using essential oils like hibiscus oil, or black seed oil to strengthen the hair follicles and make them less prone to fall due to hormonal changes.
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